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University Ethics, Integrity, and Legal Compliance

Academic Integrity Policy


Faculty and students

Policy Statement

I. Preamble

At Syracuse University, academic integrity is expected of every community member in all endeavors. Academic integrity includes a commitment to the values of honesty, trustworthiness, fairness, and respect. These values are essential to the overall success of an academic society. In addition, each member of the university community has a right to expect adherence to academic integrity from all other community members.

An individual's academic dishonesty threatens and undermines the central mission of the university. It is unfair to other community members who do not cheat, because it devalues efforts to learn, to teach, and to conduct research. Academic dishonesty interferes with moral and intellectual development, and poisons the atmosphere of open and trusting intellectual discourse.

While the policies and procedures in this document pertain in the main to students, it is also the policy of Syracuse University that all instructors, administrators, and staff shall adhere to academic integrity standards expected of academic professionals. This policy applies in all schools and colleges at Syracuse University, except as provided in section A, below. Syracuse University schools and colleges utilize a uniform approach to academic integrity to promote communication and awareness of policies and fairness and consistency in their application. There may be instances, however, in which it is legitimate for the faculty of a school or college to adopt a policy augmentation. Such an augmentation will be consistent with the university-wide approach. A discipline-specific rationale for the augmentation is especially appropriate. A copy of any policy augmentation will be provided to the university's Academic Integrity Office (AIO) and published as an appendix to the university's academic integrity policies and procedures wherever they are published by the university and/or the schools/colleges.

  1. The College of Law may choose to adopt an alternative policy establishing the academic integrity expectations applicable to students enrolled in the College of Law when taking courses offered by the College of Law. A copy of any policy so adopted will be provided to the AIO and published as an appendix to the university's academic integrity policy wherever the university policy is otherwise published by the university and/or the schools/colleges. The AIO, upon request of any party, will determine whether the university policy or the College of Law policy applies to a particular suspected violation.
II. Academic Integrity Expectations

Academic integrity is violated by any dishonest act which is committed in an academic context including, but not restricted to the following:

  1. Use of Sources

    1. Plagiarism is the use of someone else's language, ideas, information, or original material without acknowledging the source.

      1. Examples of plagiarism:

        1. Paper is downloaded from an Internet source and/or obtained from a paper mill.
        2. Paper contains part or all of the writings of another person (including another student), without citation.
        3. Paper contains passages that were cut and pasted from an Internet source, without citation.

      2. While students are responsible for knowing how to quote from, paraphrase, and cite sources correctly, the ability to apply that information in all writing situations is an advanced literacy skill acquired over time through repeated practice. When a student has attempted to acknowledge sources but has not done so fully or completely, the instructor may determine that the issue is misuse of sources or bad writing, rather than plagiarism. Factors that may be relevant to the determination between misuse of sources and plagiarism include prior academic integrity education at Syracuse University and the program level of the student. Instructors are responsible for communicating their expectations regarding the use and citation of sources

  2. Course Work and Research

    1. The use or attempted use of unauthorized aids in examinations or other academic exercises submitted for evaluation;
    2. Fabrication, falsification, or misrepresentation of data, results, sources for papers or reports; in clinical practice, as in reporting experiments, measurements, statistical analyses, tests, or other studies never performed; manipulating or altering data or other manifestations of research to achieve a desired result; selective reporting, including the deliberate suppression of conflicting or unwanted data;
    3. Copying from another student's work;
    4. Actions that destroy or alter the work of another student;
    5. Unauthorized cooperation in completing assignments or examinations;
    6. Submission of the same written work in more than one course without prior written approval from both instructors.

  3. Communications

    1. Violating the confidentiality of an academic integrity investigation, resolution, or documentation;
    2. Making a false report of academic dishonesty;
    3. Dishonesty in requests for make-up exams, for extensions of deadlines for submitting papers, or in any other matter relating to a course.

  4. Representations and Materials Misuse

    1. Falsification of records, reports, or documents associated with the educational process;
    2. Misrepresentation of one's own or another's identity in an academic context;
    3. Misrepresentation of material facts or circumstances in relation to examinations, papers, or other academic activities;
    4. Sale of papers, essays, or research for fraudulent use;
    5. Alteration or falsification of university records;
    6. Unauthorized use of university academic facilities or equipment, including computer accounts and files;
    7. Unauthorized recording, sale, purchase, or use of academic lectures, academic computer software, or other instructional materials;
    8. Expropriation or abuse of ideas and preliminary data obtained during the process of editorial or peer review of work submitted to journals, or in proposals for funding by agency panels or by internal university committees;
    9. Expropriation and/or inappropriate dissemination of personally-identifying human subject data;
    10. Unauthorized removal, mutilation, or deliberate concealment of materials in university libraries, media, laboratories, or academic resource centers.
III. Course-Specific Expectations

  1. The instructor of record is responsible for determining and communicating course-specific academic integrity expectations. Instructors of record are responsible for stating course-specific expectations in writing, particularly those regarding use of sources and collaboration.

  2. Students are responsible for consulting their instructors for any clarification needed on academic integrity standards, including those set forth in this policy and those that are course-specific.

  3. Collusion is assisting or attempting to assist another in an act of academic dishonesty. Collusion is distinct from collaborative learning, which may be a valuable component of scholarly development. Acceptable levels of collaboration vary in different courses, and students are expected to consult with their instructor if they are uncertain whether their cooperative activities are acceptable.

Portions of this policy are adapted from the following sources, with permission: Council of Writing Program Administrators. "Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: WPA Statement on Best Policies." Council of Writing Program Administrators, January 2003. Howard, Rebecca Moore. "A Plagiarism Pentimento." Journal of Teaching Writing (Summer 1993). 233-245.

Portions of this policy are based on the academic integrity policies of Boston College, Cornell University, Duke University, Georgetown University, the University of Maryland, and former policies of Syracuse University's School of Architecture, College of Arts and Sciences, L.C. Smith College of Engineering and Computer Science, School of Education, College of Human Services and Health Professions, School of Information Studies, Whitman School of Management, and College of Visual and Performing Arts.

Policy Administration

Links to Procedures and Related Information

Date: July 1, 2006

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